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When you find that the child is not breathing, you will need to provide five breaths. First open the airway, by placing one hand on the forehead and the other under the chin, in one gentle smooth movement, push the forehead while lifting the chin.

To stop the air from the breaths we provide coming out through the nose, squeeze the nose gently then seal your mouth over the mouth of the patient. If you have a face shield or mask you should use it, but for this demonstration is without face shields.

You will need to give five breaths, each should be for up to a second, just enough to see the chest rising.

After the five breaths, you will need to start with chest compressions.

For children, you use one hand only in the centre of the chest and provide 30 chest compressions as demonstrated in the video.

After the compressions, you will need to give 2 breaths and continue at a rate of 30 compressions to 2 breaths

The ratio of compressions should be 100 to 120 per minute, this pumps the blood around the body.

If you are alone, you would give breaths and compressions for 1 minute and then go for help.

If the emergency services have been called, you would continue for as long as you are able to, until the EMS arrives or the child starts to breath.

Performing CPR on anyone is hard, where a child is involved if can be very distressing, try to keep calm and give the Emergency Services as much information as you can when they arrive.

Always remember that performing CPR on anyone who is not breathing is a vital link in the chain of survival, if you do not perform CPR, it will dramatically reduce the chance of the EMS being able to save the patient’s life.

  • IPOSi Unit two LO1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.1, 2.2 & 2.3