First Aid Responder Level 3 (VTQ)

213 videos, 11 hours and 50 minutes

Course Content

Using the Spinal Board

Video 140 of 213
4 min 25 sec
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Proper Technique for Attaching a Patient to a Spineboard


When securing a patient to a spineboard, employing the correct technique is crucial to ensure their safety and comfort during transportation. Here's a step-by-step guide on the proper method:

Cross Method for Strapping

The most common approach involves a cross method, starting with straps across the chest and legs, followed by head block placement.

  • Chest Straps: Secure straps diagonally across the chest, ensuring gentle tension to allow comfortable breathing.
  • Leg Straps: Tighten the final strap across the legs, keeping the patient firmly secured to the board.

Arm Positioning

Leave the patient's arms outstretched to maintain comfort and mobility. Conscious patients can hold their hands together or an object, while unconscious patients may have their hands strapped in for stability.

Head Block Application

Fix the head blocks last, ensuring proper alignment and support for the head and neck.

  • Placement: Insert head blocks snugly against the sides of the head, securing them with velcro straps.
  • Strap Technique: Use both straps simultaneously, applying even pressure to avoid head rotation or discomfort.

Precautions and Airway Management

Once the patient is secured, be prepared for potential airway issues, such as vomiting. The caregiver must have the means to clear the airway promptly, either through postural drainage or suction.


By following these guidelines for attaching a patient to a spineboard, caregivers can ensure proper immobilization and maintain patient safety during transportation.

Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit three LO1.3, 1.4 & 2.2