First Aid Responder Level 3 (VTQ)

213 videos, 11 hours and 50 minutes

Course Content

Spinal Injuries

Video 208 of 213
5 min 36 sec
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Spinal Injury in Road Traffic Collisions

Understanding the Mechanism

Examining the mechanism of spinal injury in road traffic collisions (RTCs) is crucial for effective assessment and treatment.

Impact of Seatbelt Usage

Seatbelts play a critical role in preventing severe injuries during RTCs. However, they may not fully protect the neck and upper spine.

Impact Without Seatbelt

Patients not wearing seatbelts are at risk of severe neck and head injuries due to the unrestrained movement caused by collision impact.

Signs and Symptoms

Recognizing signs of spinal injury involves assessing sensory and motor functions:

  • Pins and Needles: Sensations of tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
  • Movement: Testing the ability to move fingers and toes.
  • Sensory Perception: Assessing response to touch and painful stimuli.

Management and Precautions

Proper management of suspected spinal injuries includes:

  • Stabilization: Immobilizing the patient to prevent further damage.
  • Extrication: Handling with caution to avoid exacerbating injuries.
  • Monitoring: Regular assessment of sensory and motor functions during extrication.

Consideration of Airbag Deployment

Modern car safety features such as airbags can impact injury severity:

  • Airbag Deployment: Indicates the intensity of the collision.
  • Injuries from Airbags: Bruising or facial trauma from airbag deployment.
  • Safety Precautions: Utilizing protective covers for steering wheels to prevent accidental airbag deployment.


Understanding the mechanisms and potential consequences of spinal injuries in RTCs is essential for providing timely and appropriate medical care, ensuring better outcomes for patients.

Learning Outcomes:
  • FPOS Extended unit 3 LO6.1 and 6.2