First Aid Responder Level 3 (VTQ)

213 videos, 11 hours and 50 minutes

Course Content

Tourniquets and Where to Use Them

Video 64 of 213
2 min 57 sec
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Effective Use of Tourniquets in Emergency Situations

Learn how and when to use tourniquets to control catastrophic bleeding in limbs, an essential skill for immediate response in life-threatening situations.

Understanding Tourniquets

Tourniquets are critical tools for stopping severe bleeding in arms and legs, where direct pressure and haemostatic dressings are insufficient. Their correct application is vital in cases of catastrophic bleeds, such as amputations and gunshot wounds.

The Critical Nature of Catastrophic Bleeding

A loss of 40% of blood volume can be fatal, with rapid action required to prevent death from severe bleeds, especially in high-risk areas like the femoral artery.

Integrating "C" for Catastrophic Bleeding into Emergency Response

Incorporate catastrophic bleeding control into the initial steps of emergency care, prioritizing it before CPR to ensure effective treatment of life-threatening conditions.

Application Principles

  • Location: Apply on limbs only, avoiding joints, with the tourniquet placed directly on the skin or over clothing if necessary.
  • Technique: Ensure the tourniquet is tightened enough to occlude arterial blood flow, not just venous.
  • Self-Application: Tourniquets can be applied one-handed, a technique often used in military contexts.

Do's and Don'ts of Tourniquet Use

  • Do: Apply the tourniquet at least 5cm above the knee or elbow joint to avoid joint damage.
  • Don't: Remove a tourniquet once applied. Only medical professionals in a hospital setting should do this.


Proper use of tourniquets can save lives by controlling severe bleeding. Training and preparedness are key to ensuring you can effectively respond when every second counts.

Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit three LO3.1, 3.2, 3.3 & 3.4